Gilles Peress

Gilles Peress ジル ペレス
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Biography
1946年フランス生 ニューヨーク在住

パリの政治学学院で学んだのち、ヴァンセンヌ大学を卒業。在学中から社会問題をルポし続け、マグナムと交流を持つようになった。
1970年から写真家として活動をはじめ、炭坑労働者の生活を取材する。また、この頃初めて北アイルランドを訪れ、以来現在に至るまでこの地の紛争を取材している。

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1972年にマグナムの準会員、1974年には正会員となり翌年ニューヨークに移住。
1979年から80年にかけてイランを取材し写真集「Telex Iran」を出版。パリ市より最優秀書籍賞が贈られた。さらに1984年には、W. ユージン・スミス賞を受賞、フォトジャーナリズムの世界で確固たる地位を築いた。
1986年には後進育成のためハーバード大学で教鞭を執った。1994年および1999年、ICP賞受賞。
ボスニアの写真集「Farewell to Bosnia」を1994年に出版し、インターネット上でも発表して話題を呼ぶ。1995年ルワンダの写真集 「The Silence」 を出版し、ニューヨークの近代美術館で個展を開く。
1986年 - 87年、89年 - 90年マグナムの会長を務める。

[Education]
1966/68 Institut d'Etudes Politiques
1968/71 Université de Vincennes

[Awards]
1996 International Center of Photography Infinity Award 
1995 Erich Solomon Prize 
1995 Camera Works 
1994 International Center of Photography Infinity Award
1993 La Fondation de France Fellowship 
1992/93 Guggenheim Foundation Fellowship 
1992 National Endowment for the Arts Fellowship 
1990 Art Matters Grant 
1989 Ernst Haas Award 
1989 Art Director's Club Award 
1986 Gahan Fellowship at Harvard University 
1984 National Endowment for the Arts Fellowship 
1984 W. Eugene Smith Award for Humanistic Photography 
1983 Fondation Nationale pour la Photographie 
1983 Imogen Cunningham Award 
1981 Prix de la Critique Couleur 
1981 Prix du Premier Livre/Foundation Kodak Pathe 
1981 Overseas Press Club Award 
1981 Art Director's Club Award 
1981 American Institute of Graphic Arts Award 
1979 National Endowment for the Arts 
1977 Apeiron: Artist in Residence 

[Exhibitions]
1996 Howard Greenberg Gallery, New York, USA
1995 Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA; Museum Folkwang, Essen, Germany
1995 Farewell to Bosnia - Cranbrook Art Museum, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, USA
1994 Farewell to Bosnia - Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., USA;
     Photomuseum, Winterthur, Switzerland;
     Museum of Contemporary Photography, Chicago, USA;
     PS1, New York City, USA; Rhode Island College Art Center, USA;
     New Langton Arts, San Francisco, California, USA;
     Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Nimes, France;
     The Dutch Institute of Photography, Rotterdam, Netherlands;
     La Primavera Barcelona (Fundacio La Caixa), Spain
1993 Lillehammer Art Museum, Lillehammer, Norway
1992 David Winton Bell Gallery, Brown University, Providence, USA
1990 Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, USA; Alternative Museum, New York City, USA;
     International Center for Photography, New York City, USA;
     Winnipeg Art Gallery, Winnipeg, Canada
1989 Alternative Museum, New York City, USA; International Center for Photography, New York City, USA; 
     International Museum of Photography/Eastman House, Rochester, USA; University of South Florida, Tampa, USA;
     Canon Image Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands;
     Fotograficentrum, Stockholm, Sweden;
     Side Gallery, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, UK;
     Museum of Photographic Arts, San Diego,USA;
     Arbetets Museum, Norrkoping, Sweden
1988 Hippolyte Gallery, Helsinki and Ranta Gallery, Oulu, Finland;
     Burden Gallery, New York City, USA
1987 The Museum of Contemporary Photography, Chicago, USA
1986 Cité de la Villette, Paris, France; Carpenter Center for the Visual Arts, Harvard University, Cambridge, USA;
     The Catskill Center for Photography, Woodstock, NY, USA;
     Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, USA
1985 Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington D.C., USA; Musée d'Art, Fribourg, Switzerland;
     Rencontres Internationales de la Photographie, Arles, France; Ledel Gallery, New York City, USA
1984 Institute for Art and Urban Resources, New York City, USA;
     Film in the Cities, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA;
     Focus Gallery, San Francisco, California, USA;
     City Gallery, New York City, USA; 
     Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, France;
     Institute for Contemporary Art, Boston, Massachusetts, USA;
     Galerie Magnum,  Paris, France
1983 Blue Sky Gallery, Portland, Oregon, USA
1982 Side Gallery, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, UK; Centre Kodak, Paris, France
1981 Palais du Luxembourg, Paris, France; International Center for Photography, New York City, USA
1980 Institute for Art and Urban Resources, New York City, USA
1980 Arts Council of Great Britain, London, UK

[Collections] 
The Art Institute of Chicago, USA
Arts Council of Great Britain, London, UK
Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, France
First Bank of Minnesota, USA
Fogg Museum, Cambridge, USA
Fondation Leitz, Rueil-Malmaison, France
Fondation Nationale pour la Photographie, Paris, France
International Museum of Photography, Rochester, USA
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA
The Minnaeapolis Institute of Art, USA
Galerie du Château d'Eau, Toulouse, France
Musee d'Art Moderne de la ville de Paris, France
The Museum of the Moving Image, New York, France
The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, USA
The Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA
The New York Historical Society, New York, USA

[Books] 
1998 The Graves: Srebrenica and Vukovar, (with Eric Stover), Scalo, Switzerland/USA/Germany
1996 Power in the Blood: Photographs of the North of Ireland, Jonathan Cape/Scalo, UK
1995 The Silence. Rwanda, Scalo, Switzerland/USA/Germany
1994 Farewell to Bosnia, Scalo, Switzerland/Distributed Art Publications, USA
1988 Eye for an Eye, Aperture, USA
1984 Telex Persan, Contrejour, France; (Telex Iran, with Gholam Hassan Saedi),
     Aperture, USA (re-published in 1997, Scalo, Switzerland)

[Films] 
1994 Farewell to Bosnia (video essay)
1992 A Peruvian Equation (part of the series “The Magnum Eye”, made for TV Tokyo)
1992 Street Musicians ( filmed in NY for M. & Co. Agency, for Benetton)

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